Safety Validation and Edge Case Testing for Autonomous Vehicles (Slides)

Here is a slide deck that expands upon the idea that the heavy tail ceiling is a problem for AV validation. It also explains ways to augment image sensor inputs to improve robustness.

Safety Validation and Edge Case Testing for Autonomous Vehicles from Philip Koopman

(If slideshare is blocked for you, try this alternate download source)


  1. very nice presentation. Since all fatal crashes are rare and unique events, I think they qualify as "edge" cases. there are also many thousands or millions of events every day that human drivers encounter and avoid a crash because they have foresight or anticipation of hazards. Neural networks have no foresight. Therefore, the goal of zero crashes with automated vehicles is a myth.


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